Rajatarangini in hindi pdf

  1. starucarulrap.gq: Buy Rajtarangini Book Online at Low Prices in India | Rajtarangini Reviews & Ratings
  2. Singh, Raghunath; Kalhana - Kalhanas Rajatarangini. Vol. IV [Sanskrit-Hindi] (759p).pdf
  3. Hindi Rajatarangini I - G.K. Dwivedi
  4. 1900 Kalhana’s Rajatarangini Vol 1 Translated By Stein S

al eee gee “fn VISTA TTT ASS At THAT (Be7Ut) { q Sa \ KALHANA’S ~~ RAJATARANGINI ‘GHRONIGLE OF THE KINGS OF KASHMIR’ Edited & Translated by: PANDEYA RAMTEJ SHASTRI - PANDIT PUSTAKALAYA, KASHI. & A Netlad Her U8 EL oa Ret satan sei afin area aT 8 BC TT aT. राजतरंगिणी और कश्मीर नरेश: Rajatarangini and the Kings of Kashmir Hindustani Academy, Allahabad. ISBN: Language: Hindi. Size. sanskrit literature, Sanskrit Books, Dharma Texts, 'Rajatarangini Raghunath Singh Volume 1 starucarulrap.gq'.

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Rajatarangini In Hindi Pdf

Page 1. Page 2. Page 3. Page 4. Page 5. Page 6. Page 7. Page 8. Page 9. Page Page Page Page Page Page Page Page Page Home→ Kalhana's Rajatarangini Vol 1 Translated By Stein S. Post navigation. ← Catalogue Of Library Of India Office Vol 2 Part 2. Kalhana's Rajatarangini (3 Vols.) by M.A. Stein, Tr.. Kalhana's Rajatarangini is the most famous historical poem which records the oldest and fullest history of the.

It covers the entire span of history in the Kashmir region from the earliest times to the date of its composition. Kalhana was excellently equipped for the work. Uninvolved personally in the maelstrom of contemporary politics, he nevertheless was profoundly affected by it and stated the following to be his ideal: That noble-minded poet alone merits praise whose word, like the sentence of a judge, keeps free from love or hatred in recording the past. His access to minute details of contemporary court intrigues was almost direct: his father and uncle were both in the Kashmir court. He delved deep into such model works as the Harsacarita and the Brihat-samhita epics and used with commendable familiarity the local rajakathas royal chronicles and such previous works on Kashmir as Nripavali by Kshemendra, Parthivavali by Helaraja, and Nilamatapurana. He displayed surprisingly advanced technical expertise for the time in his concern for unconventional sources. He looked up a variety of epigraphic sources relating to royal eulogies, construction of temples, and land grants; he studied coins, monumental remains, family records, and local traditions. But his traditional conceptual framework, using uncritical assumptions and a belief in the role of the poet as an exponent of moral maxims, makes the idealizing content in his narrative, particularly for the early period, rather dominant.

Toramana is clearly the Huna king of that name, but his father Mihirakula is given a date years earlier. Even where the kings mentioned in the first three books are historically attested, Kalhana's account suffers from chronological errors. Kalhana's account starts to align with other historical evidence only by Book 4, which gives an account of the Karkota dynasty. But even this account is not fully reliable from a historical point of view.

For example, Kalhana has highly exaggerated the military conquests of Lalitaditya Muktapida. Also known as Dvitiya Rajatarangini "second Rajatarangini" , it gives an account of Kashmir from c. He titled his work Jaina-Rajatarangini, and it is also known as Tritiya Rajatarangini "third Rajatarangini". Rajavalipataka by Prajyabhatta Prajyabhatta's Rajavalipataka gives an account of Kashmir from to Suka's book ends with the arrival of Asaf Khan to Kashmir.

A later interpolation also covers the arrival of the Mughal emperor Akbar and subsequent events. Anthony Troyer Rajatarangini: Adaptions Several books containing legendary stories from Rajatarangini have been compiled by various authors. These include: S. Stein, M. Buy book ISBN Dutt , pp. In his days, the mlechchhas foreigners overran the country, and he took sannyasa. According to Kalhana's account, this Ashoka would have ruled in the 2nd millennium BCE, and was a member of the dynasty founded by Godhara.

Kalhana also states that this king had adopted the doctrine of Jina , constructed stupas and Shiva temples, and appeased Bhutesha Shiva to obtain his son Jalauka. Despite the discrepancies, multiple scholars identify Kalhana's Ashoka with the Mauryan emperor Ashoka , who adopted Buddhism. A staunch Shaivite , who constructed several Shiva temples. He rid the country from the mlechchhas foreigners, possibly Greco-Bactrians. Romila Thapar equates Jalauka to the Mauryan prince Kunala , arguing that "Jalauka" is an erroneous spelling caused by a typographical error in Brahmi script.

Buddhist kings of Turashka origin according to Kalhana.

The third king is identified with Kanishka of the Kushan Empire. A Shaivite during whose reigns Buddhists also flourished.

To avoid this disorder, the king retired. A Brahmin named Chandradeva restored Shaivite rites by worshipping Shiva. Gonanda III founded a new dynasty. A Shivalinga attributed to Ravana could still be seen at the time of Kalhana. His queen eloped with a Buddhist monk, so he destroyed the Buddhist monasteries and gave their land to the Brahmins. He was a religious king, and followed a near-ascetic lifestyle.

Son of Hiranyakula. During his reign, the Mlechchhas possibly Hunas overran Kashmir. Identified with the Huna ruler Mihirakula 6th century CE , although Kalhana does not mention him as a Huna, and places him nearly years earlier.

According to historical evidence, Mihirakula's predecessor was Toramana. Kalhana mentions a king called Toramana, but places him much later, in Book 3. He invaded the Sinhala Kingdom , and replaced their king with a cruel man. As he passed through Chola , Karnata and other kingdoms on his way back to Kashmir, the rulers of these kingdoms fled their capitals and returned only after he had gone away. On his return to Kashmir, he ordered killings of elephants, who had been startled by the cries of a fallen elephant.

Once, Mihirakula dreamt that a particular stone could be moved only by a chaste woman. He put this to test: He was supported by some immoral Brahmins. In his old age, the king committed self-immolation. A virtuous king, he was seduced and killed by a woman named Vatta, along with several of his sons and grandsons.

Son of Aksha. Gave lands to Brahmins. Expelled several irreligious Brahmins who used to eat garlic non- Sattvic diet ; in their place, he brought others from foreign countries.

Called "the blind" because of his small eyes. In later years of his reign, he started patronizing unwise persons, and the wise courtiers deserted him. He was deposed by rebellious ministers, and granted asylum by a neighbouring king. His descendant Meghavahana later restored the dynasty's rule. Pratapaditya was a relative of a distant king named Vikrmaditya II. This Vikramaditya is not same as the Vikramaditya of Ujjain, who is mentioned later as a patron of Matrigupta.

Shared the administration with his queen. The couple sheltered their citizens in the royal palace during a severe famine resulting from heavy frost. After his death, the queen committed sati.

The couple died childless. Son of Vijaya: His flatters instigated him against his minister Sandhimati. The minister was persecuted, and ultimately imprisoned because of rumors that he would succeed the king. Sandhimati remained in prison for 10 years. In his old age, the childless king ordered killing of Sandhimati to prevent any chance of him becoming a king.

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He died after hearing about the false news of Sandhimati's death. Sandhimati was selected by the citizens as the new ruler. He ascended the throne reluctantly, at the request of his guru Ishana. He was a devout Shaivite, and his reign was marked by peace. He filled his court with rishis sages , and spent his time in forest retreats. Therefore, his ministers replaced him with Meghavahana, a descendant of Yudhishthira I.

He willingly gave up the throne. Meghavahana was the son of Yudhisthira I's great grandson, who had been granted asylum by Gopaditya, the king of Gandhara.

Meghavahana had been selected the husband of a Vaishnavite princess at a Swayamvara in another kingdom. The ministers of Kashmir brought him to Kashmir after Sandhimati proved to be an unwilling king. Meghavahana banned animal slaughter and compensated those who earned their living through hunting.

Singh, Raghunath; Kalhana - Kalhanas Rajatarangini. Vol. IV [Sanskrit-Hindi] (759p).pdf

He patrnozed Brahmins, and set up a monastery. His queens built Buddhist viharas and monasteries. He subdued kings in regions as far as Sinhala Kingdom , forcing them to abandon animal slaughter.

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Son of Shreshtasena, assisted by his brother and co-regent Toramana. The king imprisoned Toramana, when the latter stuck royal coins in his own name. Toramana's son Pravarasena, who had been brought up in secrecy by his mother Anjana, freed him. Hiranya died childless. Several coins of a king named Toramana have been found in the Kashmir region.

This king is identified by some with Huna ruler Toramana , although his successor Mihirakula is placed much earlier by Kalhana. According to Kalhana, the emperor Vikramditya alias Harsha of Ujjayini defeated the Shakas , and made his friend and poet Matrigupta the ruler of Kashmir. After Vikramaditya's death, Matrigupta abdicated the throne in favour of Pravarasena. According to D. However, according to M. Stein, Kalhana's Vikramaditya is another Shiladitya mentioned in Xuanzang's account: Historical evidence suggests that a king named Pravarasena ruled Kashmir in the 6th century CE.

He restored the rule of Vikramaditya's son Pratapshila alias Shiladitya , who had been expelled from Ujjain by his enemies. Pratapshila agreed to be a vassal of Pravarasena after initial resistance.

He founded a city called Pravarapura, which is identified by later historians as the modern city of Srinagar on the basis topographical details. Younger brother of Narendraditya. His queen Ranarambha was an incarnation of Bhramaravasini.

The Chola king Ratisena had found her among the waves, during an ocean worship ritual. Younger brother of Vikramaditya. He subdued several enemies. An astrologer prophesied that his son-in-law would succeed him as the king. To avoid this outcome, the king married his daughter Anangalekha to Durlabhavardhana, a handsome but non-royal man from Ashvaghama Kayastha caste.

Baladitya married his daughter Anangalekha to him. As the royal son-in-law, he became known as a just and wise man, and was given the title "Prajnaditya" by the king. His wife Anangalekha became involved in an extra-marital affair with the minister Kharga. Despite catching them sleeping together, Durlabhavardhana forgave Khankha, and won over his loyalty. After Baladitya's death, Khankha crowned him the new king.

Son of Durlabhavardhana and Anangalekha. He was adopted as a son by his maternal grandfather, and assumed the title Pratapaditya after the title of the grandfather's dynasty.

Muktapida Lalitaditya I. Younger brother of Chandrapida and Tarapida. According to the historical evidence, Lalitaditya Muktapida ruled during the 8th century.

Hindi Rajatarangini I - G.K. Dwivedi

Kalhana states that Lalitaditya Muktapida conquered the tribes of the north and after defeating the Kambojas , he immediately faced the Tusharas. The Tusharas did not give a fight but fled to the mountain ranges leaving their horses in the battle field. According to some historians, Kalhana has highly exaggerated the military conquests of Muktapida. Son of Lalitaditya and Kamaladevi.

1900 Kalhana’s Rajatarangini Vol 1 Translated By Stein S

His short reign was marked by a succession struggle with his half-brother Vajraditya II. He abdicated the throne, and a became a hermit to seek peace. Son of Lalitaditya and Chakramardika. He was a cruel and immoral person, who introduced the evil habits of mlechchhas to Kashmir.

Son of Vajraditya II and Massa. Deposed his half-brother to become the king, but died after a week. Youngest son of Vajradjtya II.


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